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Bearclaw Custom Native Jewelry

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Images may have shadows or reflections but gold is 14k or better, silver is 925 Sterling, platinum is 950 

Jewelry Tips

Hand Engraving--Silver and Gold

Cleaning--Measurment--Diamonds & Stones

Hand Engraving
look for these marks of quality
 

jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Depth of cut is extremely important
but also an even 'V' in the cut,

jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-it is extremely easy to 'Scratch' the metal
and difficult to ' engrave'

jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Look for smooth curves and not jerky
on the outside of the cut  ' V' wall

jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Lines that are continuous and don't
stop and start again

jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-balance in the design, not only left to
right or top to bottom but if there are
more than one of a shape then are both
the same size ,same curve etc...?

jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Are there any sharp ends where the line
wasn't finished  well?

jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelryHave the lines been buffed out with too
much polishing and rounded the top
edge of the cut ?

 
Silver & Gold

    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Although Silver and Gold are pure metals
    they are alloyed  with others to add
    strength , resilience or to soften
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-If you are buying Sterling Silver there
    should be a stamped image on the piece
    to indicate this ,such as ' Ster',
    or'Sterling' or '.925'.
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-The '.925' indicates that it is
    92 1/2% pure silver. 
    The other 7 1/2% could be combinations of
    copper ,zinc , nickel , tin  or 'whatever'.
    -I am partial to Canadian Silver for
    engraving and Italian Silver for chains
    ( being a good B.C. West coast Canadian
    Native Italian boy ..What do you expect? )


    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Gold is also alloyed ,with copper and
    silver mostly
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-There should also be a stamp to 
    indicate the karat quantity,
    such as 10k ,14k,18k ,22k or 24k.
    If there isn't a stamp the item may
    be gold plated on top of copper, silver
    or another base metal.
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-A stamp is your best guarantee

Cleaning

    Or ' How to fight Air and Dirt'

    Here is a mixture that will clean Jewelry !
    Works well with gold-filled, brass, German silver , ( nickle ) , and sterling silver
    1 Tablespoon salt
    1 tablespoon baking soda
    1 tablespoon dish soap
    1 cup water
    1 piece of aluminum foil
    1.- Heat water in microwave for 1-2 minutes
    2.- cut aluminum foil and place on bottom of a small bowl ( cereal etc )
    3. Pour the water into the bowl, place salt, soda and dish soap into bowl - ( mix )
    4. place jewelry in bowl for 5 to 10 minutes
    5. rince jewelry in cool water and dry with a soft cloth
    6. discard water etc and start frewsh next time

    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Lots of good cleaners and lots of
    gimmicks  out on the market.
    I won't endorse or knock any product...
    I'll just say the T.V. ad type cleaners
    may not be as good as some product that a
    professional jeweler has used for 40 years,
    so I'd ask them first

    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-10k has the most strength but also
    the highest copper content and 24k
    is the weakest but also is 99.9 % gold
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-We find 14k for rings and bracelets
    offer the highest gold content without
    sacrificing the needed strength 
    and resilience for these items

    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-If you don't have an ultrasonic cleaner
    it is still possible to get the dirt out
    and  a lovely shine back on your jewelry.
    Tarnish can be beaten by using a store
    bought cleaner and following the directions
    but if you want a quick 'home remedy'
    method a soft cloth  or a toothbrush,
    (preferably an old one ), 
    and dish soap or toothpaste will also 
    do the trick ,but read the 
    cautions below carefully.

    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Dirt inside all those little areas can
    also be beaten at home
    If the item is just gold or silver
    and/or a diamond then you can heat
    the jewelry in a glass container on the
    stove in water and dish soap. 
    Don't bring it to a boil
    but just get it warm/hot and clean the
    crevices with the toothbrush.

    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Caution should be taken
    when applying heat.
    Although you are dealing with 'rocks'
    most are  not very forgiving.
    If there is an inclusion or crack
    the heat may split it further just like
    a cracked windshield,
    so be careful.

    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-To be safe you should not heat any
    stone except diamonds
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Soaps should not be used with :
    Amber,Iolite,Opals,Pearls or Peridots
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Cleaners should not be used with
    Amber,Coral,Emerald,Iolite,Opals,Pearls,
    Peridots,Tanzanite,Topaz or Turquoise.
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Steam and Ultrasonic cleaners can be
    used with Alexandrite,Diamonds,Ruby,
    Sapphire, Spinel ,and Zircons.

    If in doubt a professional jeweler would
    obviously be your best bet for your
    precious and possibly  irreplaceable item.

Measurement

It would be best if you stopped by a 
jeweler and had your finger sized but
if you can't, then  here are some tricks.
For Rings, if you don't know the size you
can always trace the inside of one that
does fit onto a piece of paper and fax
it to us or wrap a piece of paper strip,
( about the width of a pencil ),
around your finger and mark that as well.
For bracelets you can do the same,
measure your wrist loosely and then
minus 1/2",( 1 cm )for the proper
bracelet size.
Here are some lengths for a 1/4" paper strip
not a piece of string

ring size    inch          mm
    3    -   1-3/4"    -    44
    4    -  1-13/16"   -    46
    5    -  1-15/16"   -    49
    6    -  2-1/16"    -    52
    7    -  2-5/32"    -    54
    8    -   2-1/4"    -    57
    9    -  2-3/8"     -    60
    10   -   2-1/2"    -    63
    11   -  2-9/16"    -    65
    12   -  2-19/32"   -    67
    13   -   2-3/4"    -    70
    14   -   2-7/8"    -    73
    15   -     3"      -    76


half sizes can easily be figured in metric
but change fractions to /32" for closest guess

 
                          

Diamonds and Stones

Precious and semi-precious stones come
in many different classifications
which increase or decrease the value. 
Just like buying a car..type is important
but if it's damaged the value decreases
Diamonds adhere to the 4 c's regulated
by the GIA,
 Gemological Institute of America.
The four 'C's are:

    Color -
    diamond color chart

    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-D,E ,F, grade - colorless,
    D is extremely rare
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-G,H,I,J, near colorless ,
    G,H are rare white to white
    and excellent color.
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-I,J,are slightly tinted white
    but still reflect light well
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-K,L,M, are faint yellow
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-N,O,P,Q,R, very light yellow
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-S,T,U,V,W,X,Y , are light yellow
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-Y,Z, are fancy yellow

    Cut
    iamond parts and pieces


    A cut will determine to a large degree
    the brilliance of a diamond .
    The symmetry of a cut allows the
    maximum reflection of light.
    Some cuts available include round,
    Oval, pear, heart,marquise,and emerald

    Clarity
    diamond clarity chart

    Clarity determines inclusions,(cracks)

    or flaws the GIA grading scale
    contains 6 classifications
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-F - flawless ,
    no inclusions seen under
    10x magnification,
    extremely rare
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-IF - internally flawless
    -insignificant flaws under
    10x magnification


    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-VVS1 & VVS2-very very slight inclusions,
    difficult to see under 10x magnification.
    This is a,'very very good quality' gradejewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-VS1 & VS2 - very slight inclusions,
    minor inclusions under 10x magnification
    a common 'very good quality' grade still
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-SI1 & SI2 - slightly included 
    -noticeable under 10x magnification
     but still clean to the naked eye.
     Still good quality grade
    jewelry tips by bearclaw jewelry-I1 , I2 & I3 - obvious inclusions
    usually visible to the naked eye

    Carat Weight
    The weight of the stone measured in 
    Carat weight,(not the same as Karat
    used in determining gold content)
    Larger stones generally cost more per
    carat due to their rarity.
    For example: a V V S with G-H color
    and good cut may sell for $1800 per carat
    if it was smaller than .10 carat weight- (1/10 ct )
    and $6300 per carat if it was,
    lets say, a .90 carat stone, ( 9/10 ct )

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